3D printing not liable? ➡️ This is how you solve the problem•
Posted on February 28 2023
3D printing isn't liable: Here's how to solve the problem
It is one of the most common 3D printing problems and causes great frustration, especially for beginners: the filament does not stick properly and detaches from the print bed. What to do? I struggled with the problem often enough in the initial phase and in this article I explain how I got a grip on it step by step.
What does lack of print bed adhesion mean?
To create a 3D object, thin filament threads are printed on top of each other layer by layer. The first layer is placed on the print bed – i.e. the platen of the 3D printer, which is often made of glass or magnetic steel. If the filament does not stick to the plate, this is referred to as a lack of print bed adhesion. This can mean that only the corners lift up, that waves form, or that the entire print comes off the plate. In this case, the subsequent layers can no longer be applied correctly and the entire print is over. Either way, a print that doesn't stick properly will lead to ugly results, and of course you want to avoid that.
What to do if the filament doesn't stick?
Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all solution here. Filament not sticking can be caused by a number of things, and there are a number of ways to improve sticking. In my experience, the following solutions work best to increase bed adhesion. I recommend that you try them step by step until you get a satisfactory result.
Ways to improve print bed adhesion
Level the print bed
Setting up the printer includes leveling (aligning) the print bed. This means that all pages are aligned so that the moving nozzle is the same distance from the print bed at all times . If this is not the case, there will probably be bumps during printing and often a lack of adhesion. So check the alignment of the bed at several measuring points and correct if necessary. Important: only level up in the preheated state!
Clean print bed
The prerequisite for a clean print is a clean print bed: It should be free of residues , dust and, above all, free of grease . Make a habit of cleaning the print bed before each new print - especially if you're using tools like glue, which often leave thicker layers on the plate. You should first remove this with a spatula . You can then clean the print bed with a conventional glass spray and dry it with a lint-free cloth.
Adjust the distance between the nozzle and the print bed
For a good print result, the correct distance between the nozzle (also called extruder or nozzle) and the print bed is essential. Problems with adhesion mainly occur when the distance is too large, because the exiting filament then has too much leeway. So the nozzle needs to be calibrated using the Z offset for the Z axis . You can find the correct settings in the instructions for your printer. Ultimately, the exiting filament should press lightly against the print bed so that it adheres well to it.
Adjust the temperature of the filament
Another reason for the poor adhesion of your print can be that the temperature of the filament is set too high or too low. To find the right temperature, adjust it up or down in 5°C increments until you get a satisfactory result.
Adjust print speed
If the first layer of the 3D print isn't sticking, it may be because it's being printed too quickly - giving the filament not enough time to cool down and bond to the build plate. Therefore, the first layer should be printed at a lower speed than the rest. In your software ("slicer") you should be able to adjust the speed for the first layer separately.
Use heated print bed
Inexpensive 3D printers in particular are equipped with printing plates that cannot be heated and are therefore at room temperature. This can become a problem because there are large temperature differences to the filament . This comes out of the nozzle at 180 to 220 °C, cools down too quickly on contact with the cooler print bed and contracts - it lifts and detaches from the plate. Using a heated print bed can help solve the problem. I myself switched to a more expensive printer with a heated platen fairly quickly and my bed adhesion problems have been significantly reduced as a result. Incidentally, for some filament types such as ABS, a heating bed is absolutely necessary. But even with a heated plate, there can be a lack of adhesion - but then there are other ways to solve the problem...
Use pressure pad
A good printing plate (e.g. made of glass) is the be-all and end-all for 3D printing. If you don't have it, you can try using a printing pad. This is a film that is firmly glued to the plate.
You can improve 3D printer adhesion by coating the build plate with an adhesive . There are special glue sticks for this, which are quite cheap and absolutely sufficient for most printing projects. For ABS filament, which is relatively difficult to print, I have had very good experiences with sugar water because it is particularly sticky. To do this, simply mix sugar and water to form a viscous mass and spread it on the plate with a cloth.
Use auxiliary constructions
In some print projects, it makes sense to print additional support elements ( skirts, rims or brims ) next to the actual object so that the object does not shift due to lack of adhesion. Such auxiliary constructions are essential if you want to print expansive shapes that go beyond the base - e.g. B. trees or vases. At the end, the supporting elements are simply broken off or removed with pliers.
Use high quality filament
Vision 3D quality filament
More tips for better printing results
Here are a few general tips for everyone who is struggling with the lack of bed adhesion:
1. Be sure to stick with it until the first layer is printed
...because if the first layer fails, all the pressure is gone. So make sure that the base of your print looks satisfactory so that you can intervene if necessary. Ideally, you should check from time to time that everything is being printed as intended.
2. Be patient